Dog Owners' Responsibilities in Russia
The modern rules of keeping pets are fully consistent with the classic phrase "We are responsible for the tamers". The pet owner is fully responsible for the damage caused by his pet.
The legislator imposes special conditions on dog owners. dogs pose an increased danger to others. It should be noted that the normative regulation of the procedure for keeping dogs at home is now so confusing and flawed that almost any dog breeder can be brought to justice if desired.
The only normative law currently in force with fixed duties for dog breeders is the Rules for keeping dogs and cats in cities and other RSFSR settlements, approved in 1981. They officially continue their activities until a new government decree is passed.
In Moscow, since 2003, the City Duma has been considering a draft law "On keeping pets in the city of Moscow" that could eliminate a number of problematic issues in this area. However, they are in no hurry to pass the law.
That's why we're going to choose the basic responsibilities of dog breeders from the rules in effect today.
1) Responsibilities for keeping dogs:
- Dogs should be kept in living quarters (houses, apartments). It is forbidden to keep dogs in entrances and stairwells, as well as on balconies or porches.
- If the dog's plot is kept in a private house, it is allowed to be kept either on a leash or in a separate room or in a fenced area. A warning sign should be made about the presence of a dog at the door.
- Mandatory vaccination of the dog is required at a veterinary clinic, where a vaccine passport is issued. It is forbidden to buy or sell a dog that does not have a passport that approves the vaccine against rabies (one month at the latest and 12 months at the latest).
- The owner should clean the dog's back immediately, ensuring that the entrance is clean.
- The owner should not let the dog bark loudly in the apartment and at the entrance.
- It is forbidden for the owner of the dog to bring her to public visiting places (a shop, café, etc.), playgrounds, health and education institutions without a leash, mouth or collar.
- The pet owner is obliged to immediately report any dog bites of humans or animals to the veterinarian and provide the dog for examination.
- When transporting dogs on public transport, the driver has the right to request a passport for vaccinations.
- Large dogs (over 40 cm) are carried at the rear of the vehicle, and a ticket is purchased for the dog for the baggage allowance. You don't need to buy tickets for small dogs, they can be in a special basket or in the owner's possession.
- The dog should have a collar, collar and short collar. It is forbidden to let the dog move freely in the booth, to leave the dog unattended.
- The driver of the vehicle is that the dog is dirty, wet, etc. in situations it may refuse to carry the dog.
Dogs should definitely be walked with muzzle, leash and short leash. What's more, the Code specifies exceptions only for puppies under 3 months old. So, with regard to small dogs, this layout is no exception.
Dogs should only be walked in a specially designated area. In this case, removing the leash and barrel is allowed only if the site is fenced. If there is no private area nearby, you can walk the dog around remote areas.
The designated time to walk the dogs is between 07:00 and 23:00. The dog owner is responsible for breaking the silence by walking the dog outside this time period.
It is forbidden to walk the dog by the drunk owner.
For the violation of these obligations, administrative liability measures are given to the dog owner. Penalties are determined according to the regional administrative crimes laws. Therefore, there are a number of serious sanctions for non-observance of the rules for keeping dogs in Moscow:
- For keeping dogs at an entrance or other public places: a warning or a fine of 1,000 to 2,000 rubles,
- If the owner does not clean after his dog: a fine between 1,000 and 2,000 rubles without warning,
- For violation of the rules for walking dogs, visiting childcare facilities, visiting playgrounds without a dog collar and collar: 1,000 to 2,000 rubles fine
- If a dog attacks another pet, causing injury or death: fine from 4,000 to 5,000 rubles.
- Placing a dog on an animal or a human is punishable by a fine of between 2,000 and 5,000 rubles.
If a dog causes serious bodily harm to a person, the owner of the dog is subject to criminal liability in accordance with Article 118 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The most terrible consequence of a dog attack on a person can be his death: the punishment is provided by Article 109 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (causes death due to negligence).
Therefore, owning a dog requires a series of serious responsibilities that must be handled with great responsibility. A dog is not a toy or entertainment, but a living creature that needs constant attention, training and care.