History of the French Bulldog Breed
French Bulldogs were bred in England despite their name. In the 19th century, breeders decided to create a breed of pet dogs that could be kept in an urban environment without too much difficulty. Craftsmen, tailors, lace masters did not miss the opportunity to acquire a naughty pet, which pleases its owners with a slight disposition and funny habits. Breeders chose the smallest English bulldogs to breed such a dog, crossing them with terriers, pugs. This is how the modern breed appeared.
In the second half of the 19th century, demand for manual labor fell sharply due to the rapid development of factories. Many English workers moved to France with their beloved dogs. According to another version, merchants brought bulldogs here. The benign character, ability to catch small rodents, and unusually large erect ears instantly riveted the attention of the French public to this breed.
In Paris, prostitutes became the first owners, or rather owners, of small bulldozers. There are many photo postcards where naked or semi-naked women pose with their pets. Very quickly, the fashion of these dogs spread to high society, as the numerous photos show. Since the 80s of the XIX century, a real explosion in popularity of the breed began. Currently, Paris was already the fashion capital of the world, so the whole world soon learned about French Bulldogs. In 1890 the dogs were brought to the United States and 7 years later the FBDCA (French Bulldog Club of America) was established.
French Bulldogs made their first public appearance at the English Show in 1896, where they won the admiration of many dog breeders. Breeders became interested in breeding these dogs. The popularity of the breed grew rapidly, and around one hundred French Bulldogs arrived at the Westminster show in 1913. Originally these dogs were called Bouledogue Francais, but in the early 20th century the name was changed to French Bulldog. The Kennel Club in 1905 recognized the breed as an independent breed that distinguishes it from the English Bulldogs.
In the 20s of the twentieth century, these cute pets arrived on the territory of Russia, but only representatives of the nobility and only wealthy people could afford a French bulldog, as puppies were very expensive. One of the most famous admirers of the French Bulldogs was Fyodor Chaliapin. Over time, the popularity of these dogs declined, but they still managed to rank 21st out of 167 breeds recorded by the AKC in the popularity rating.
There is a beautiful legend that a French bulldog named Gamin de Pycombe, the pet of one of the Titanic's passengers, managed to escape from a shipwreck and even find a new owner. However, this is only half the truth - archival records confirm the existence of a bulldog on board, but he cannot survive. Since the dog is insured, the owner received an impressive compensation - more than 20 thousand dollars. Another representative of the genre that went down in history under sad circumstances was Ortipo, the favorite of Princess Tatiana Nikolaevna (daughter of Nicholas II). The dog died with his mistress during the royal family's execution.