Psychology and Behavior of Dogs
The dog's IQ exceeds that of many other animals, including cats, parrots and horses, has excellent mating skills and is easy to train. Due to its social habits, the dog can interpret a certain number of signals emitted by other individuals, both dogs and humans. These features allow him to really communicate with the person and become their friend. Although the dog does not speak, it transmits information through sounds, postures, movements, and smells, and it is essential that the person learn to understand these signs and "respond" appropriately. Although very intelligent and capable of forming real emotional relationships, the dog should not be overly "humanized" and its behavior should be interpreted as animal behavior, For example, spontaneous "clawing" does not usually mean a greeting in a dog as in humans, when dealing with other dogs by placing its paw on its neck or back. it is a docile surrender and appease it uses.
Smell and visual signals
The dog extensively uses scent signals to convey messages: for example, he marks them with traces of urine to mark the boundaries of his area or rubs the floor with his paws to release the secretions of sweat glands found on the pads. Also, in his own judgment, he has the habit of rolling on pungent-smelling substances like manure to spread the scent of his own body. The transmission of visual messages is also very developed, through a wide repertoire of postures, facial expressions and tail movements, so that the dog transmits information that other dogs, other animals and humans can interpret. Additionally, sound signals are at work: aggressive grunting, howling, whining, howling and barking. Below are some of the key points of dog behavior:
Smelling the genitals
The sense of smell plays a fundamental role in a dog's life. The dog determines the sex, age, health and mood of the other dog by smelling the genitals (looking at the face, as we do). Moreover, this behavior is an indicator of hierarchical position. A male in higher steps has the right to smell the genitals of all males, females and young animals subjected to him. The meeting of two dogs proceeds according to a single, non-variable systematic consisting of three stages:
- Mutual nasal sniffing;
- The contact of two layers, especially in the shoulder area;
- Genital sniffing that completes mutual meeting.
Every dog, both male and female, closely monitors the condition of its genital area and licks it clean with great care. This natural and hygienic behavior has its own reasons. When a dog sniffs something unusual in the anal area, he is likely to suffer from a digestive disorder.
In dogs of different breeds, the tail can have different shapes. Tail movements are associated with scent and specific anal glands, the scent of which is different for each dog individually. A cheerful dog wags its tail to sniff, and a frightened dog covers its anus and genitals to hide. When a dog quickly wags a low tail, it is in a good mood, and if the tail moves slowly, it should be remembered that the high and tense indicates the dog's hierarchical superiority and this can serve as the beginning of his aggressive behavior. In moments of euphoria, some dachshunds wag their tails not only from side to side, but also in a spiral motion. The frequency of the hits indicates the animal's degree of joy. Observing the tail allows a person to distinguish a range of mental states and various moods: for example, a hunting dog's tail during work is a meaningful indicator of attitude towards the predator. A dog's tail is a direct and always sincere expression. Every dog owner must learn to understand the meaning of their four-legged friend's tail movements. In dogs with a fixed tail it is important to "read" the motion of the stump.
Dogs have a very developed curiosity, especially when it comes to new objects. It is curiosity that allows an animal, even an elderly person, to learn with joy. This natural joy must be taken into account when training your dog for any specific technique. The puppy expresses the desire to know what surrounds him and how everything around him smells, 15 days after birth. The dog needs a walk not only because of its "warm up" need, but also because of its great curiosity and desire to learn new smells. That's why many dogs love to get in the car. In this animal, curiosity can be defined as "exploratory activity". The dog is also interested in visual images. Seeing is the emotion that deceives the dog the most. But you should know that a very careful look is the result of other senses (smell and hearing) that provide the right direction to the eye and help overcome congenital visual impairment in the dog. But do not confuse the dog's visual curiosity with the expression of his eyes, which vary greatly according to breed.
Defecation and urination
Urine is a zone marker for a dog. An animal searches for the most suitable and most suitable place for its departure for a long time and changes it frequently. The cat even puts them on tree trunks as the wolf marks the land with them, while trying to bury the excrement to hide its course; In this sense, a dog is more of a wolf than a cat. After finding a place, it smells for a long time, turns around itself, determines the direction of the wind, and finally defecates, then returns to this place often, but not to remove traces, but to add the scent of their soles to the smell of feces. Defecation is part of the canine tongue. When a boy just wants to urinate, he will not slow the flow of fluid until the bladder is empty; on the contrary, short and frequent urination involves directing other dogs to the boundaries of their territory. If the dog is outside his area (as is often the case with city dogs), the child will make himself known by irrigating the scented urine traces of his predecessors. paw cannot be raised if desired) the dog also shows its own energy and strength. Apart from scent marks, any dog can understand a lot: gender, age, health, and other characteristics of the animal that left the label. Girls and puppies do not need such a show of strength, rather they prefer not to show themselves too much to a potential opponent. Therefore, they urinate only in one place (a girl - 3-4 times a day), preferring areas where traces are poorly visible and quickly disappear: soil, grass, leaves and sand. While watching children in the "water" boundary areas of various sizes (corner of a wall, column, tree, etc.), we will notice that the smaller one will raise its paw as high as possible to hit the mark left by the previous one. medium sized dog. We will later see that if an oversized boy crosses the same place, he will try to lower the jet for the same reasons. Weak or shy children living in the herd do not dare to lift their claws by "watering" the environment or to do so with great difficulty. An energetic boy pisses with increased demonstrativeness. Like boys, there are girls who sometimes raise their back or even two front paws in an almost vertical position when not needed. Since he has not yet left the "border tracks", the puppy easily learns to "do something" outside the house; It is more difficult for an adult dog who always delineates the boundaries of their territory in a kennel or village. Sometimes an adult dog can be tempted to leave his trail if a companion comes with his dog. It is even worse if the visitor has a female dog during the heat. Dogs girls and especially puppies often urinate when the owner approaches them as a sign of surrender.
Relationship with cats
Dogs tend to be hostile to cats. The conflict is based on a profound difference that exists between them: Dogs are social animals and cats are lonely, with completely different languages. Seeing a running cat, the dog chases it with its hunting instinct. But if a kitten grows in the house next to a dog, then it becomes his friend, the same happens for a cat and a small puppy. In order for animals to live in harmony, competition must be avoided while eating; do not make them jealous (if you have a cat in your arms, give your dog a cookie); A perfect parenting system with lasting consequences is to play together from infancy.